By Christian Heilmann (@codepo8), Principal Evangelist HTML5 and Open Web, Mozilla
In the fifth video of our “Firefox OS – the platform HTML5 deserves” series (part one, part two, part three and part four have already been published) we talk about how Firefox OS extends the capabilities of the Web by adding new APIs, called WebAPIs to the existing stack of technologies.
Check out the video featuring Chris Heilmann (@codepo8) from Mozilla and Daniel Appelquist (@torgo) from Telefónica Digital/ W3C talking about the need for device APIs on the Web, how some of the existing APIs can be used and how the work on Firefox OS benefits the Web as a whole. You can watch the video here (and below).
If you want to learn more about these new APIs the canonical place to go to is the WebAPI Wiki Page where you can find an up-to-date list of all the APIs, their implementation status in the different Firefox platforms, the standards bodies involved and where to file bugs for them. You can also click through to bugzilla to see demos of the APIs in action. We’ve blogged here about WebAPIs in detail before: Using WebAPIs to make the web layer more capable and you can see a lot of information and demos in that post.
In general, all the APIs follow a simple model: you ask for access and you define a success and failure handler. You also get methods to ask for various properties in detail and some have Boolean values available to you. This makes it very easy to test for the support of a certain API before trying to access it.
Not all APIs can be available on the open Web as we can not trust every server out there. That is why the APIs come in three flavours: regular, privileged and certified. Regular APIs can be used in any app, regardless of its location (you can self-host these apps). Examples for that are the geolocation or the battery API. Privileged and Certified APIs both need your app to have a content security policy and be hosted on Mozilla servers. That way we can give you access to the hardware but minimise the potential of abuse and malware at the same time.
Take a look at the exhaustive list of blog posts here dealing with WebAPIs for more reading and we’ll be back with the next video covering Web Activities soon.